The rear of most buttons display the name of the manufacturer or retail outfitter. The dies used to stamp these in time wore out and were replaced. The sometimes subtle differences in these backmark dies allow dating of buttons with some accuracy. Many of the common buttons of the Civil War continued in use through the remainder of the 19th Century. The above backmarks are examples of those of two firms: W. Horstmann did not manufacture buttons, but was a large military outfitter. This button mark is what is called a rmdc raised mark in a depressed channel type. This style of marking was rarely used after the Civil War and can generally be accepted as an indication that the button is Civil War period or earlier. The second button was made by the Waterbury Button Company, one of the major manufacturers of buttons in the U. It is of the dm depressed mark type.
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Known to me is the provision of self-shank buttons particularly of generally spheroidal form, or approximating the same, in the nature of the shape of a lentil or similar lenticular body; still more particularly, selfshank buttons in which the shank protrudes to the rear face in the form of a semior atti-spheroidal contour of such small magnitude as may be considered a shankless button. The value of buttons of such shape, particularly where they are of integral construction as secured by molding or otherwise cutting the same, is to provide an integral body resisting high crushing stresses, as Well as to lie close to the material, whether for decoration or in combination with a buttonhole.
Such buttons not only present a maximum ornamental face without exposure of the thread but are most effective in the complemental fastening engagement between the buttonholes with which they may be used, minimizing drooping. Still more particularly, it is an object of this invention to provide a self-shank button where massiveness for maximum strength-may be retained and maximum ornamentation secured by extending one or more thread apertures topresent the entrance and exit of the needle openings completely-to the rear face of the button in such.
Still more particularly, itis contemplated by this invention to provide a selfrshank button which has high ornamental value, ruggedness to resist wear and tear in use, while retaining highly desirable properties of facility of handling for attachment by either manual or mechanical means. To attain these objects and such further objects as may appear herein or be hereinafter, pointed out, reference is made to the drawing, in which Figure l is a front face elevational view illustrating a button in accordance with my invention;.
Figure 6 is a magnified side view illustrating a sewing operation employing the button illustrated in Figures 1 to 5;. Figure 7 is a magnified. Figure 8 is a view taken on the line of Figure 7. Making reference-to the drawing, I exemplify the button in the preferred form of my invention as one made by molding from plastics of heat stable, thermally irreversible material, of which phenol-aldehyde condensation resins, urea-aldehyde condensation resins, melamine reaction products, unsaturated thermo-setting polyester resin reaction products are examples.
Heat curable melamine resins may be employed by me, as well as the thermo-setting resins and compositions referred to in the patent to Emsig 2,, of October 12, , and in-the patent to Sucher 2,, of Sept. Natural materials, such as mother-of-pearl and thermoplastic products may, in a measure, be employed with some of the advantages, as will become apparent as this description proceeds. The peripheral edge surface 13 is generally a truncated conical development, with the minor base away from the front or tapering in the direction of the rear face
IN a Connecticut settler named Aaron Benedict was looking for a business when Congress declared war against England, providing a perfect opportunity. The war meant thousands of United States soldiers and sailors would need uniforms, adorned with buttons. And with trade cut off, England would no longer be the supplier.
Benedict bought up every brass pot, pan and kettle he could find, established a rolling mill outside of Waterbury and began making buttons.
Waterbury Button Co, likely ca ‘s, (SuperfineGoldPlated). Research Center: ButtonBackmark-SuperfineGoldPlated, Reference: Tice, Dating.
Button-like objects of stone, glass, bone, ceramic, and gold have been found at archaeological sites dating as early as b. Nevertheless, they have the familiar holes through which to pass a thread, which gives them the appearance of the button currently known as a fastener. Buttons can be divided into two types according to the way they are attached to a garment. Shank buttons have a pierced knob or shaft on the back through which passes the sewing thread.
The majority of buttons are this type. The shank can be a separate piece that is attached to the button or part of the button material itself, as in a molded button. Pierced buttons have a hole from front to back of the button so that the thread used to attach the button is visible on the face. Almost every material that has been used in the fine and decorative arts has been used historically in the production of buttons.
Buttons exist in a variety of materials: metals precious or otherwise , gemstones, ivory, horn, wood, bone, mother-of-pearl, glass, porcelain, paper, and silk. In the late nineteenth and twentieth centuries, celluloid and other artificial materials have been used to imitate natural materials. The precursor to the button fastener was the fibula, a brooch or pin used to hold two pieces of clothing on the shoulder or chest.
The button began to replace the fibula at least by the early Middle Ages , if not sooner. Buttons functioned as primary fastenings for men’s dress earlier than for women’s. This may be due to the fact that the women’s, from the late Middle Ages into the twentieth century, was required to be tight and smoothly fitted.
Basic clues to get resource for the colours: depressed marks. It was made from military uniforms and resolved to metals. Does anyone know how old water jar dating Event: 1!
Complex Name (Common): Waterbury Button Co. Complex Name (Historic). Waterbury Button Co. Waterbury Companies Inc. Address or Location: South.
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This miniature daguerreotype shows two hands resting on a book. The photograph is set into a two-piece gold-washed brass frame with a loop on the reverse for sewing to a garment. The case design with its simple, raised ornamental border is typical of the gilt-metal buttons mass-produced from to in several New England factories such as the Scovill Manufacturing Company in Waterbury, Connecticut, which also manufactured daguerreotype plates. The button was discovered in the early s in a flea market in Massachusetts.
In modern clothing and fashion design, a button is a small fastener, now most commonly made In the US, large button collections are on public display at the Waterbury Button Museum of Waterbury, Connecticut, the Keep Homestead.
Object Record. Object Name Insignia Catalog Number On the obverse is a shallow relief of a bald eagle clutching an olive branch in its right talon and a bundle of arrows in the left. There is a shield across the eagle’s chest. Over its head there appears a “glory” with 13 stars. Item D is dated between and It is characterized by a singular “A” on the obverse. On a dotted field is “US” with a superimposed rectangle with “N.
The small buttons are unmarked. Two have damage: the one on the left is bent and the one in the center has the loop missing. Click to enlarge.
Waterbury button, ivory and selection of dating to view 36 photos for. Original release date before which it had a bed, with all the annual brass buttons were.
In the pluralityof ways while sewing, but allowing for performance of its function of securing and holda. Another important objece the’back of the button will overlie and truly cone tive is the elimination ofthe brasion, r utting tact. It 1 button stands out too far from the surface of is also clear that as the length of theshanlc of From the foregoing discussion itnow tunnel like approachesmay lie entirely within the becomes apparent that in. IW mad to he d aw g, which. If however the button be used: on the Fig.
This; desired; shortness ton 1 madeof moldable material such as bake of. This inner wall 5 curves in well on both sides thereby greatly facilitating the sewbelow the surface of the back 2 and emerges syming of the button on the garment by providing an metrically on the opposite side of the shank 3, so ea y found and Sure guide or the needle point that the entrances to the threadhole are symon either side of the threadhole, and in which the metrical.
The outer wall 6 of the threadhole 4 in outer wall is in the form of a much sharper curve the intermediate portion thereof is a curve of than the inner wall so that the aperture of the much shorter radius than that of the inner wall hole is enlarged at the entrance on either side of 5 and at either end the wall 6 terminates in a 5 reference to the garment. When the end of the shank is fiat the centers of these curves 11 forming the ends of the wall 6 lie in the plane of the end of the shank 3, so the perpendicular aperture or vent 9 to the threadhole 4 is open-mouthed at either end and yet a substantial wall of material at the central point of the shank overlies the threadhole 4.
The importance of this construction becomes selfevident when it is understood that when the button is sewed to a garment the threads overlie the wall 6 of the threadhole 4 so that strength is essential at the central part of the shank 3 to prevent fracture of the shank due to stresses on the threads. These smallradius curves ll assure complete elimination of any liability at either opening of the threadhole of a sharp or angled edge abrading or cutting any thread used to fasten the button toa garment.
We just acquired an amazing and very large collection of Civil War Gutta Percha image cases! Search Our Catalog. This is a non-excavated Post Civil War button! It is the coat size staff officer uniform button for the state of ‘ Alabama.
UNITED sures PATENT orFicE sELF-Silz iiUTToN the Waterbury Button Gompany, Waterbury, Conn, a corporation of Connecticut- Al plication November
Pawn stars is showcased by the early 20th century. If it’s still has a fabulous array of the years. This doll features pieces dating with the dating steiff bears. But there were used by steiff with the value with the world’s most up to the new looking for its extraordinary charm. For a vinyl face, this immediate lowers the steiff. Get information, has a trademark but there were variations of – sort by steiff bears.
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